Dog Breed Discussions

The All-White American Eskimo Dog

The American Eskimo Dog or Eskie is a breed of dog that is of Spitz type and which has been developed originally in the United States. It belongs to the Nordic line of dog breeds and is very popular as a sledding dog across North America. This breed is also often mistaken for a German Spitz but the two have been differently developed for over 100 years.

The three varieties of the Eskie are the toy, miniature, and standard. The heights of these varieties are: 9 to 12 inches for toy, 12 to 15 inches for miniature, and 15 to 19 inches for the standard. An Eskie that stands below 9 inches or above 19 inches is considered disqualified according to breed standard.

The body of the Eskie is described as compact in build and slightly longer than tall. It has a double coat that is water resistant and which serves as a protection against cold temperatures .Its ears are small and thick and are cold-resistant too, while the coat hangs slightly thicker around its neck and chest, making him look like a lion.

Additionally, the hind legs and behind of the Eskie are also lushly covered with dense coat while its tail is feather-like and freely sways behind its back. The only acceptable colors for this breed are white and white with biscuit cream. Keeping the coat of the Eskie requires brushing and combing twice weekly but during its shedding season, twice daily is escalated to almost daily.

In the US and Canada, the Eskie is being considered as a superb house companion and a family pet. It is observed as very protective dog and it feigns to become a part of its human family. Since it barks as a signal that a stranger is approaching, the Eskie also makes a good watchdog.

This breed is highly intelligent, biddable, very energetic, moderately free-spirited and very eager to please. As early as possible, it is best for the Eskie to be trained in socialization in order to avoid shyness or misbehaviors in adulthood. Participation in dog shows such as agility and flyball competitions will take care of its socialization issue.

Because this dog is highly energetic, it means that it has excessive energy that needs to be utilized in order to keep him healthy mentally and physically. He must be brought out for daily exercise and the intensity should depend on its size. Although active and protective, the Eskie, won’t attack or bite on impulse unless it is being provoked.

The Eskie is said to have developed from modern breeds such as the large German Spitz, Italian Spitz, Volpino Italiano and more. These ancestor breeds came to the United States in the early 1900s with the European immigrants. In 1919, the Eskie was first registered as the American Eskimo dog under the American United Kennel Club and in 1995, it was officially recognized as a member by the American Kennel Club.

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